The National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (NGER) scheme is a single national framework for reporting and disseminating company information about greenhouse gas emissions, energy production and energy consumption.
Corporations that meet a NGER scheme
threshold must register and, once registered, report each year.
Emissions and Energy Reporting System (EERS) must be used for all reporting under the NGER scheme. NGER reporters can both prepare and submit their emissions and energy reports in EERS.
NGER reporting and
EERS for more information. Contact us on 1300 553 542 or
firstname.lastname@example.org if you have questions.
Please note that the Clean Energy Regulator (CER) is currently in the process of updating its systems, including the introduction of a new ‘Online Service’ that will eventually replace the Client Portal. EERS will continue to be accessed via the Client Portal for 2022-23 reporting. However, reporters may notice updates to the Client Portal interface and references to Online Services on other pages.
Client Portal provides secure access to online forms, systems and other information for the
schemes we administer. It is the entry point for NGER reporters to access their EERS account(s).
It is also where users with the right access level, can add, edit or remove users from their organisation's EERS accounts. Read
How do I manage users in my organisation's EERS account? for more information on user access.
Once you have logged in using your registered email address and password, you will be taken to the Client Portal home screen. To access EERS, you need to select 'National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting' tab then click 'Access Emissions Energy and Reporting System (EERS)':
Once you have logged into Client Portal and selected the EERS link via the 'National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting' tab, you will then be taken to the EERS home screen. You do not need a separate username and password to log into EERS.
From the EERS home screen, if you have access to more than one organisation's EERS account(s) you can select the appropriate reporting entity, then the applicable reporting year.
To obtain an EERS account, an organisation must first be registered under the
National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007 (NGER Act) as a controlling corporation or reporting transfer certificate holder, or have submitted an agreement under section 22X of the NGER Act that the organisation is a responsible group member.
As a result of registration, your organisation's EERS account will be created and an NGER contact person and executive officer from your organisation will be given access to the account.
'executive officer' is defined as a:
If you wish to be added to your organisation's EERS account you need to:
If the NGER contact person has left your organisation, and there is no other person in your organisation that has the Organisation Administrator role, you need to complete the
documentasset:CER-NGER-013 Addition of a New Contact Person form.
Once completed, you can email this form to us. The form needs to be submitted by an executive officer from your organisation, or if submitted by someone else, an executive officer must be copied into the email.
More information is available in the
documentasset:User guide - Self-service EERS User Management via the Client Portal and
What roles can an EERS user have?.
To edit, remove or add users to your organisation's EERS account you will need the Organisation Administrator role in Client Portal. Your organisation's NGER contact person and executive officer will have this role and they can assign it to you.
To edit, remove or add users, you need to log into
Client Portal, click on the 'National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting' tab and then the 'Manage' button for the organisation under the 'Organisations' heading. If you have a 'View' button next to the organisation this means that you do not have the Organisation Administrator role for the organisation. Then click on the 'Manage access' tab. You can edit a user's roles by selecting or unselecting the relevant checkboxes next to each user's name and then press the Save button, or remove a user by selecting the 'Remove' button under each user's name. To add a user select the 'Add a user' button.
To add users to your organisation's EERS account, you must first verify that:
More information is available in the
documentasset:User guide - Self-service EERS User Management via the Client Portal and
What roles can an EERS user have?
There are six different EERS roles that a person can have. These roles are:
Each organisation must always have both the NGER Contact Person and NGER Executive Officer roles filled. It is possible for the same person to have both roles in EERS.
documentasset:User guide - Self-service EERS User Management via the Client Portal for more information on roles.
If your NGER contact person has left your organisation, and there is no other person in your organisation that has the Client Portal Manager role, you need to complete the
documentasset:CER-NGER-013 Addition of a New Contact Person form.
To complete the form, you need to provide the email address and Client Portal user ID (for example, CER123456) of the person being added. If the person does not already have a Client Portal account, they should create one by registering with
The new contact person will be set up with access to EERS and Client Portal and can then use Client Portal functionality to add new users (for example, a new executive officer).
Instructions on using Client Portal to add, edit or remove EERS users, can be found in the
documentasset:User guide - Self-service EERS User Management via the Client Portal
If your organisation has an EERS account and submitted an NGER report in the previous reporting year, your EERS workspace for the current reporting year will automatically be populated with information from your previous reporting period workspace. This information will include:
Before you submit, it is important that all information carried over from a previous reporting period is reviewed for accuracy relative to the current reporting period and amended if necessary.
When you select the appropriate reporting year on the EERS home screen you will be directed to the main details page for the reporting entity that you have selected. The reporting entity's corporate structure will be displayed on the left-hand navigation pane as shown below.
The reporting entity (that is, controlling corporation, reporting transfer certificate holder or responsible group member under section 22X of the NGER Act) will be at the top of the list. Below the reporting entity will be a list of group members (if any-applicable only to controlling corporations) and the facilities that the reporting entity is responsible for reporting on.
Where there are both group members and facilities in the list, facilities that are under the operational control of a group member will appear underneath the relevant group member.
A plus sign is visible next to an entity in your corporate structure means that by clicking on it you will be able to expand the list to view entities set up directly under that entity. More information on corporate structure is available in the
documentasset:EERS User Guide.
You can modify your corporate structure in EERS to reflect changes within your organisation.
For example, you may need to add a new group member and facilities under the operational control of the new group member to your corporate structure if your controlling corporation has acquired a group member.
More information on corporate structure is available in the
documentasset:EERS User Guide.
Data entered into an EERS workspace may not appear in a generated report. This may be correct (that is, no action is required by you) or you may need to take further action, as follows:
If you have checked the above and believe that the data entered should appear in the report, contact the CER on 1300 553 542 or
Please check the following:
The 'Enter Activity Data' button will remain greyed out (disabled) until all mandatory entity (that is, Facility, Facility Aggregate or Facility - Network - Pipeline) fields have been completed and any changes have been saved. All fields with a red asterisk (*) must be addressed. More information on facility details is available in the
documentasset:EERS User Guide.
If you are trying to enter data and the 'Data Entry' tab is locked (has a picture of a padlock and the tab cannot be selected), this is because a report has been generated but not submitted or the report has been submitted.
If the report has been generated but not submitted, to unlock your report and allow further data entry, go to the 'Reports' tab and click 'remove under the action column.
If your report has been submitted, you are able to view information in the 'Data Entry' tab but you will be unable to make any changes. If you believe you need to make changes to a submitted report, please
A corporation’s NGER report must include specific identifying information for a facility as per 4.04A(2)(a) to (h) of the NGER Regulations. Identifying information includes location information such as address, latitude and longitude and the state in which the facility is located. You should enter accurate location information to ensure compliant reporting. Accurate location information also assists data users with analysis of the NGER data set.
Facility location information is automatically rolled over into your EERS workspace each year. We request that facility location information is reviewed each year to maintain its accuracy.
For new facilities, please see the
documentasset:EERS User Guide for details of how to create a new facility and add identifying information, including facility location information.
For existing facilities, click on the facility in the Corporate Structure then click the ‘edit facility details’ button in the top right corner of EERS. This will load a screen containing the current facility location information.
There are different requirements for the location information that must be reported by facilities, depending on the facility Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC) code. The requirements are outlined in 4.04A(2)(a) to (h) of the NGER Regulations and summarised in the table below.
A brief description of your facility’s location, activities and a state or territory designation must be provided in EERS if your facility is:
We require latitude and longitude coordinates (coordinates) for a facility to be provided to 3 decimal degrees in EERS. This is consistent with the formats used in internet and portable GPS tools commonly available in Australia.
Coordinates can be reported in EERS in 3 ways:
Once you have entered the coordinates, we recommend you enable satellite view in the interactive map and zoom in on the location pin to ensure it is placed on the location of the applicable facility. We expect the location pin to be placed as accurately as possible.
If you need to adjust the location of the pin, you can type directly into the coordinates fields or click and drag the existing location pin which will update the corresponding coordinates fields.
A street address can be converted to coordinates in decimal degrees using the Latitude and Longitude Finder at
A conversion calculator from degrees, minutes and seconds to decimal degrees is available through LatLong.
The Small Facilities Percentages link enables reporters under section 19 of the NGER Act to report greenhouse gas emissions, energy production and energy consumption of a facility as a percentage of the corporate group's total emissions and energy, where the facility meets the requirements of 4.26 of the
This link is viewable towards the bottom of the corporate structure column on the left.
Aggregated facility reporting, percentage estimates and incidental emissions and energy guideline for more information on small facilities percentage reporting.
Reports are generated in EERS by going to the 'Reports' tab and selecting the 'Generate' option in the 'Action' column against the unsubmitted report you wish to generate. If the 'Action' column says 'Disabled', check that an executive officer and contact person have been selected for the reporting entity. To check this, go to 'Data Entry', then click on the reporting entity in the corporate structure, then click on 'Edit Reporting Entity' Information. Once you select both of these people and save the change, you will get the option to generate a report.
Please note if validation errors have not been rectified or acknowledged this will also prevent a report from being generated.
If you have generated a report and the 'Action' column against that report shows 'Preparing Report', try hitting the 'F5' key. This refreshes the page and the report should appear for you to view. The 'Action' column will then allow you to remove the report so you can continue entering data. Read
I want to enter data, but the Data Entry tab is locked, for information on removing a generated report.
You can submit supporting information along with your EERS report if required. To attach supporting documents select the 'Add File' button from the reports tab prior to generating your draft report. This allows you to select the required document from your computer. Once this has been selected, click on 'Upload' to attach the document to your report. Documents cannot be attached in EERS once a report has generated. If you generate a report and need to add an attachment you will need to remove the report, add the required attachment and generate the report again.
Note: Only PDF files can be uploaded, and each must be below 5MB in size.
All reports are to be submitted by an 'executive officer' of your organisation. To submit a report, the executive officer must read through the declaration that appears both at the end of the report to be submitted and once the executive officer (or nominated report submitter) clicks 'Submit Report'.
In short, the declaration states that the reporting entity is responsible for adhering to requirements under the NGER legislation, and highlighting penalty provisions for those reports that do not comply. By clicking accept on this declaration, the report is electronically submitted, and the executive officer effectively signs the report.
An executive officer is defined as a:
While the executive officer may authorise someone to submit the report on their behalf, the executive officer maintains responsibility for the compliance of NGER reporting. The person submitting the report on behalf of the executive officer, must have the NGER Nominated Report Submitter role in EERS. More information about EERS roles can be found in the
documentasset:User guide - Self-service EERS User Management via the Client Portal.
The executive officer who provided the authorisation must be the person whose details are selected in the executive officer field in EERS.
Note: An executive officer of a company can, in certain circumstances, be held accountable for their company's contraventions of civil penalty provisions.
You can save electronic copies of reports by using the print function. This will work for both submitted and unsubmitted reports.
Once you have generated or submitted a report, view that report by clicking on the hyperlink.
This will open an on-screen version of the report you are attempting to save. Click either 'Print Report' in the left-hand menu, or 'Print' on the right of the screen:
Once you have selected print, the print options box should appear. Depending on your set-up, you will be able to save as a PDF or XPS file.
Select 'Adobe PDF' (if installed) or 'Microsoft XPS Document Writer' from the list of available printers, and then click on print.
You will then be prompted to complete the save by entering your file name and choosing where you wish to save the document.
Once your report has been successfully submitted, it will appear in the 'Submitted Reports' table under the 'Reports' tab. This table also includes the date and time of submission, and the version of the report.
A report receipt will also be available in EERS. The receipt will confirm the time and date of the submission, and the version and type of report submitted. It will also note who submitted the report. You will then be able to print or save a copy of this receipt for your records.
To locate the receipt in EERS, click on the 'Reports' tab, then under 'Submitted Reports' click on the 'Action' button for the report submitted then select 'View Submission Receipt'.
EERS prefills facility and activity descriptions that were present in your NGER report for the preceding reporting period. To simplify reporting against your corporate structure, you are encouraged to remove facilities and activities that no longer apply to your operations. Removal of historical facilities and activities makes navigation easier and will reduce the time it takes to prepare your report.
Step by step instructions with screen shots for how to remove facilities can be found under '3. Deleting an entity in EERS' of the
documentasset:EERS User Guide. The instructions are given for an entity but work the same way for individual facilities.
The NGER reporting deadline is a statutory deadline and we cannot provide extensions. All 2022-23 NGER reports must be submitted by 11.59pm, Australian Eastern Daylight Time (AEDT), Tuesday, 31 October 2023.
Failure to submit your report by the due date is a contravention of the NGER Act that may attract a civil penalty of up to $444,000. Additional civil penalties of up to $22,200 may also apply for each day that a report is late. The NGER Act provides for other possible regulatory responses to non-compliance, including the use of enforceable undertakings and infringement notices.
The CER encourages scheme participants to voluntarily
notify CER when they become aware of incorrect reporting. The CER views this an indicator of a positive compliance attitude and that the scheme participant is committed to meeting its obligations under the legislation and to providing accurate and complete data.
Where a reporter requests EERS to be unlocked in order to provide an updated report for the current reporting period, all efforts will be made to fulfill that request. Resubmissions of current reporting year data completed prior to 31 October of the same reporting year do NOT contribute to an organisation's compliance history.
However notifications of errors in historical reports or current year data received after 1 November, will be reviewed and the reporter notified whether or not resubmission of the report is required. Resubmission will generally be required when the nature and extent of the reporting errors make the report non-compliant with the requirements of the NGER legislation and therefore will contribute to an organisation's compliance history. The voluntary nature of the disclosure will be taken into account when considering overall scheme compliance.
Nomination of primary or secondary is required when reporting liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). Purchased LPG (item 44 in schedule 1 of the NGER Regulations) is a secondary energy commodity. For LPG consumed at the facility where it is produced, LPG is a primary energy commodity. Read
How do I know if a fuel is primary or secondary? for more information.
E10 is a common blended fuel produced by blending up to 10 per cent ethanol with gasoline.
Under section 1.8 of the
National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Measurement) Determination 2008 (NGER Measurement Determination) a blended fuel is a fuel that is a blend of fossil and biogenic carbon fuels. For example, E10 is a blend of gasoline (fossil fuel) and up to 10 per cent ethanol (biogenic carbon fuel).
Examples of biogenic carbon fuels under the NGER legislation are listed in items 10—16; 28—30 and 52—54 of Schedule 1 of the NGER Regulations.
The NGER legislation does not define fossil fuels. However, taking the ordinary meaning of the term a fossil fuel is: a carbon-based fuel from fossil hydrocarbon deposits including coal, oil and natural gas.
E10 is not a listed fuel type under the NGER Regulations, therefore E10 is not reported in EERS. Rather, when E10 is consumed the components that make up E10 need to be reported.
A facility purchases 10,000 litres of E10 for use in a transport facility. Using the product specifications provided by the manufacturer, it is determined that the E10 is made up of 7% ethanol and 93% gasoline.
Therefore, the purchased E10 contains 700 litres of ethanol and 9,300 litres of gasoline. The purchased E10 is used to fuel fleet cars for the corporations, meaning that the fuel is combusted for use in an internal combustion engine.
As both the ethanol and gasoline are listed energy commodities, the corporation with operational control of the facility must report the greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption from the combustion of:
documentasset:Reporting blended fuels and other fuel mixes guideline for more information on the reporting of E10 and other blended fuels.
EERS requires reporters to specify the carbon dioxide emissions factor when entering activity data for petroleum-based oils and greases, as shown below:
The carbon dioxide emission factor refers to the amount of carbon dioxide emitted per unit of fuel. Part 3 of Schedule 1 in the NGER Measurement Determination provides an emission factor of 13.9 (kg CO2-e/GJ) for the combustion of petroleum-based oils for stationary energy purposes.
Alternatively, a site-specific carbon dioxide emissions factor can be used in accordance with Method 1 under section 2.48A(2) of the NGER Measurement Determination, or Method 2 or 3 under sections 2.48B and 2.48C respectively.
Why do I need to know whether a fuel is primary or secondary? FAQ below provides guidance on this question.
Nominating a fuel as primary or secondary is necessary for calculating net energy consumption of the facility. A facility's net energy consumption is required to be reported in a controlling corporation's section 19 report, a reporting transfer certificate holder's section 22G report and a section 22X report.
You do not need to manually calculate net energy consumption. EERS automatically calculates net energy consumption based on reported energy consumption and production for each facility and this value will appear in a report generated in EERS.
To calculate net energy consumption, 5.03 of the NGER Regulations specifies that:
The net energy consumption amounts derived for each facility appearing in the NGER report are summed to determine the net energy consumption for the controlling corporation.
documentasset:Reporting energy production and consumption guideline for more information.
Note: for net energy to be calculated correctly it is important to understand that a primary fuel type cannot be produced from the consumption of another primary fuel (including itself).
Primary and secondary fuels and other energy commodities are defined in 1.03 of the NGER Regulations as follows:
EERS will indicate if a fuel or energy commodity is primary or secondary unless a nomination is required.
In some cases, the NGER Regulations will specify that a nomination (primary or secondary) is required and you will need to determine if the fuel or energy commodity is primary or secondary. You may need to contact your supplier to confirm the source of the fuel or energy commodity. Generally, a fuel or energy commodity purchased from a supplier will be secondary.
In accordance with 4.04A(2)(g) of the NGER Regulations, the activities constituting the facility must be attributed to an industry sector. This is done using the ANZSIC industry classification codes.
The activity type constituting the principal activity of the facility determines the industry sector. A reporter should determine the ANZSIC code of the facility by comparing the principal activity at the facility with the list of ANZSIC industry classifications in Schedule 2 of the NGER Regulations.
Oil or gas exploration and development involves carrying out activities with the purpose of finding and appraising natural underground oil and gas accumulations.
The CER considers that oil or gas exploration may include:
Fugitive emissions from appraisal and development activities should be reported as the emissions source 'Oil or gas exploration and development—flaring' or 'Oil or gas exploration and development (other than flaring)'', as appropriate, using methods detailed under Division 3.3.2 of the NGER Measurement Determination.
Where water is pumped from wells during exploration and development activities, emissions from this source should be reported as the emissions source 'Produced water from oil and gas exploration and development, crude oil production, natural gas production or natural gas gathering and boosting (other than emissions that are vented or flared)' using methods detailed under Division 3.3.6D of the NGER (Measurement) Determination
1.03 of the NGER Regulations includes the following definitions related to condensates, which have been changed as of the 2021-22 reporting period:
The list of fuel types in Schedule 1 of the NGER Regulations includes 'Crude oil' as item 33, and 'Plant condensate and other natural gas liquids not covered by another item in this table' as item 34. Energy production or consumption of condensates should be reported as one of these items, as appropriate.
Emissions released from gas flared during oil and gas flaring activities can be estimated using Method 1, 2, 2A or 3. The 'tonnes of flared gas' and 'tonnes of flared crude oil and liquids' referred to under Method 1 is the total waste gas stream (in tonnes) to pass through the flare during the year, not just the hydrocarbon component of the fuel. This includes any inert gases in the waste gas stream.
Methods 2 and 3 allow the total quantity of hydrocarbons within the waste gas stream to be determined and the calculation of facility specific emission factors.
As disposal and loss of energy is considered to be consumption of energy (under 2.26 of NGER Regulations), it is necessary to report the energy content of fuels that are disposed of or lost through fugitive emissions activities, including venting, flaring or leakage activities, where the energy consumed is a fuel listed in Schedule 1 of the NGER Regulations.
When flaring emission sources and activities are entered into the EERS, a reporter will be required to select the type of fuel and quantity of gas flared. When a fuel type is selected, a reporter will then be required to enter the energy content factor associated with the fuel. This may be the default energy content factor associated with the fuel (from Schedule 1 of the NGER Measurement Determination) or a facility-specific energy content factor.
EERS will automatically calculate the energy consumption associated with the quantity of the selected fuel type. The energy consumption will be categorised in the NGER report as 'energy consumed by means of combustion for purposes other than producing electricity, producing a chemical or metal product, or for transport'.
When energy is consumed through venting or leakage, the energy consumption must be reported in EERS through a separate activity from the venting or leakage emissions activity.
Please note where production of a fuel type occurs at a facility, any quantity of that fuel type consumed at the facility through venting, flaring or leakage activities should be included in the reported quantity of fuel type produced.
'Industry practice' is a concept widely referenced in the NGER Measurement Determination. It forms the basis of measurement criterion BBB for the measurement of quantities of fuels consumed when measurement equipment does not meet the requirements of criterion AAA. The use of industry practice is also permitted for the estimation of quantities of solid and gaseous fuels produced, and in certain circumstances, estimation of the amount of electricity consumed from the operation of a facility.
This FAQ applies to the following renewable energy commodities in Schedule 1 of the NGER Regulations:
This FAQ does not apply to:
For reporting energy consumed/produced from renewable electricity generation at a facility, in general, the following energy activities are required to be reported in accordance with the NGER legislation:
More information on reporting of electricity production and consumption is available in sections 7.3 and 7.4 of our
Estimating emissions and energy in the electricity generation, transmission, and distribution sectors guideline, including:
Note: consumption of electricity purchased from the main electricity grid in a State or Territory is reported separately, as 'scope 2' emissions. Read section 6 of the
Estimating emissions and energy in the electricity generation, transmission, and distribution sectors guideline for more information.
If the facility produces electricity from renewable energy commodities, the corresponding consumption of the solar, wind, water or geothermal energy commodity for electricity generation must also be reported. Under 6.5(1A) of the NGER Measurement Determination, the energy content of solar, wind, water or geothermal energy consumed is taken to be equal to the energy content of the electricity produced, as estimated under Part 6.1 of the NGER Measurement Determination. The relevant energy commodities are listed in Schedule 1 of the NGER Regulations:
Note: this FAQ does not apply to biogases such as landfill biogas and sludge biogas.
EERS was updated for the 2019-20 reporting year (and onwards) to automatically report an amount of consumption of solar, wind, water or geothermal energy, which is equal to the reported amount of electricity produced from the solar, wind, water or geothermal energy. Therefore, if you input production of electricity from solar, wind, water or geothermal energy into EERS you must not separately input consumption of solar, wind, water or geothermal energy.
It is important that you do not input into EERS any consumption of solar, wind, water or geothermal energy commodities, because EERS automatically reports this when you report production of electricity from these energy commodities.
Example— reporting production of electricity from 'wind energy for electricity generation' and consumption of the electricity that was produced for use for the purposes of the facility (for use onsite) for guidance, including screenshots.
It's also important to note that EERS does not automatically report consumption of other energy commodities (for example, landfill and sludge biogases) when production of electricity from that energy commodity is reported. Consumption of energy commodities other than solar, wind, water or geothermal energy must always be entered into EERS by the reporter.
NGER reports must include the amount of electricity that was produced during the reporting year for each of the following purposes (in kWh units):
However, the report does need not to include electricity produced by a generating unit that:
Note that a reporter can opt to report electricity production even if the above thresholds in sub-regulation 4.19(2) of the NGER Regulations are not met. If so, the corresponding onsite consumption from own produced electricity generation should also be reported (energy produced for the purposes of the operation of the facility).
Example— reporting production of electricity from 'wind energy for electricity generation' and consumption of the electricity that was produced for use for the purposes of the facility (for use onsite) for more details, including screenshots.
Note: This FAQ does not apply to production of electricity from biogases such as landfill biogas and sludge biogas.
When electricity is produced for 'use by the facility (for use onsite)' it must be reported, along with corresponding electricity consumption. The quantity of electricity consumption at a generation facility should be the difference between the quantity of electricity produced at the terminals of the generating units, and the quantity of electricity delivered for use outside the facility — That is, supplied to an electricity transmission or distribution network, or for other use outside the facility).
EERS was updated for the 2019—20 reporting year (and onwards) so that it automatically reports the total amount of consumption of electricity produced 'for use by the facility (for use onsite)', which is equal to all reported amounts of electricity produced 'for use by the facility (for use onsite)'. Therefore, if you input electricity produced 'for use for the purposes of the facility (for use onsite)' into EERS, you must not separately input consumption of that electricity.
A wind farm facility produces 1,100,000 kWh of electricity during a reporting year, composed of:
The reporter must enter these amounts into EERS in the units of kWh. EERS screenshots are included below in this example.
The total amount of 'wind energy for electricity generation' consumed to produce that electricity will be the same as the amount of electricity produced, 3,600 GJ + 360 GJ = 3,960 GJ. When solar, wind, water or geothermal energy commodities are consumed at a facility, the energy content of the consumed energy (for example, 'wind energy for electricity generation') is equal to the energy content of the electricity produced.
EERS will automatically record an activity for the total (3,600 GJ +360 GJ = 3,960 GJ) of 'wind energy for electricity generation' consumed to produce the electricity, because the reporter has already entered the two items of electricity production (1,000,000 kWh and 100,000 kWh).
The total amount of consumption of electricity produced 'for use by the facility (for use onsite)' will be the same as the amount of electricity produced 'for use by the facility (for use onsite)', 100,000 kWh (360 GJ).
EERS will automatically record this amount of consumption of electricity produced 'for use by the facility (for use onsite)', because the reporter has already entered 100,000 kWh (360 GJ) of electricity produced 'for use by the facility (for use onsite)'.
The reporter must input the following two items for production of electricity from 'wind energy for electricity generation' into EERS:
Based on these electricity production inputs, EERS automatically records an activity for the total consumption of 'wind energy for electricity generation', and the reporter must not separately input, and therefore duplicate, this automatically recorded activity. EERS also automatically records an activity for consumption of electricity that was produced 'for use for the purposes of the facility (for use onsite)', and the reporter must not separately input, and therefore duplicate, this automatically recorded activity. You can see the records for all items. That is, those inputted by the reporter and those automatically recorded by EERS, here:
The items in the table, in order, are:
Charcoal is produced by consumption of wood through pyrolysis. The low oxygen pyrolysis environment means that regular combustion cannot occur, leading to the transformation of the wood through decomposition.
Wood can fall under one of 2 different fuel types listed within Schedule 1 of the NGER Regulations depending on the moisture content:
The definitions for 'dry wood' and 'green and air-dried wood' are listed within 1.03 of the NGER Regulations. Both fuels have a clause within their definition, that the fuel 'is combusted to produce heat or electricity'.
When wood is consumed for a purpose other than to produce heat or electricity, the wood does not meet the definitions listed for either 'dry wood' or 'green and air dried wood', and its consumption does not need to be reported.
Therefore, if wood is consumed for a purpose other than to produce heat or electricity, such as to produce charcoal, then its consumption does not need to be included within your report.
There is no prescribed definition of charcoal within the NGER legislation. Therefore, common usage should apply when classifying the resulting product.
Production of charcoal must be reported as per the energy production requirements as listed within Part 6.1 of the NGER Measurement Determination.
Energy production and consumption must be reported using fuel types listed within Schedule 1 of the NGER Regulations. Many of the fuels listed in Schedule 1 of the NGER Regulations are defined within 1.03 of the NGER Regulations and section 1.8 of the Measurement Determination. Common usage and dictionary definition should be used when not otherwise defined within the NGER legislation.
In instances where a novel fuel or fuel mixture is being used, please read the
documentasset:Reporting blended fuels and other fuel mixes, bitumen and explosives guideline.
If you have questions regarding how, or if, a fuel should be reported within NGER, please contact us via email at
email@example.com or phone on 1300 553 542.
Many of the 'Matters to be identified' for the new 2021-22 oil and gas sources require reporting of the number and average hours of operation for particular 'types of equipment' or 'types of components'. In cases where equipment or components are used for multiple reportable activities, reporters must do one of the following:
If you are distributing the hours you must keep records describing how you determined how the usage should be split.
It is important that all hours, and therefore emissions, are included but not counted twice.
'Average hours of operation of equipment (or component) type X' is to be interpreted as the average number of hours a given equipment or component type is operated over the entire NGER reporting year. Do not include hours when equipment or components may be used for non-NGER reportable activities or not in use due to maintenance or other reasons.
You are required to
notify the CER when measuring equipment is not functioning:
This 'down time' requirement is applicable to all emissions sources. It is of particular relevance to thermal power stations conducting continuous monitoring of fuel quantities (for example, flow meters or weightometers under Methods 1, 2 and 3) and composition under Method 2 or 3.
If you have used Method 2, 3 or 4 to estimate emissions and the down time exceeds 6 weeks in a year, the CER may require you to estimate emissions using Method 1 instead.
Note that if you are reporting under Method 4 using continuous emissions monitoring (CEM), the CEM equipment must operate for more than 90% of the period for which it used to monitor an emission.
The NGER legislation contains a range of special provisions that apply in certain circumstances which can help to reduce the reporting burden for registered corporations. Reporters are encouraged to consider whether you qualify for any of the following options.
Further information on these special provisions are in the
documentasset:Aggregated facility reporting percentage estimates and incidental emissions and energy guideline.
Further information on the thresholds below which low-level activities do not need to be reported are in the
documentasset:Reporting energy production and consumption guideline and the
documentasset:Estimating emissions and energy in the electricity generation, transmission, and distribution sectors.
The fugitive emissions sources for oil and gas added from the 2021–-22 reporting year have the potential to cause emissions to be double counted. The sources are designed to comprehensively cover the emissions from a facility. Your activities may meet the definition of multiple source categories. In this case, the emissions from these activities should only be reported once under a single source, to avoid double counting.
Reporters should assign the emissions to a single source and record their reasonings in their basis of preparation documents. CER expects that these assignments are consistent between reporting years. If there is a change in how the emissions are assigned to a source, CER expects that this decision is recorded for record keeping purposes as per section 22 of the NGER Act.
Consumption of Petroleum-based oils (PBOs) and Petroleum-based greases (PBGs) are required to be reported when the total amount combusted is 5 kilolitres or above, or 15 kilolitres and above if consumed by other means.
PBOs and PBGs are considered to be consumed when used in a manner consistent with their intended use. The quantities consumed are not affected by the oxidation level or the quantities that are recovered and transferred from the facility.
When used as lubricants, PBOs and PBGs undergo oxidation and therefore should be reported as consumed by combustion, regardless of the level of oxidation.
Further details can be found in the
documentasset: Guideline - reporting petroleum-based oils and greases other than petroleum-based oils and greases used as fuel.
CER strongly recommends reporters prepare and use a Basis of Preparation (BoP) documents to assist them with their record keeping requirements under NGER. A BoP records the methodology by which a NGER report has been prepared, including details such as facility layout, data sources and calculation methods as well as the decisions made by the reporter. Much of the contents of the guidance documents can be recorded in a BoP.
CER encourages reporters to consider submitting their BoP (or a summary thereof) with each year’s NGER report to clarify key assumptions and decisions applied.
Unaccounted for Energy (UFE) is the difference between the electricity drawn into a distribution network and the electricity measured on a customer’s meter. Prior to February 2022, this difference was attributed to the retailer until the Australian Energy Market Operator introduced the Global Settlement Framework, which allowed retailers to pass the UFE to customers. As a result, some reporters may find a line item in their invoice for UFE.
Only electricity used for the operation of a facility should be reported under NGER. If UFE is clearly listed on your electricity invoice, then it should be disregarded when estimating scope 2 emissions. The quantity of purchased electricity to be reported is the total of peak, shoulder and off-peak electricity consumption listed on your electricity invoice, measured in kilowatt hours.
Electricity generation, electricity transmission and electricity distribution facilities should continue to report line losses according to section 7.2 (1A) of the NGER Determination.
Please see 6.1 of the
documentasset: Estimating emissions and energy in the electricity generation, transmission, and distribution sectors guideline for more detailed information on reporting UFE.
Simulated Natural Gas (SNG), also known as ‘Synthetic Natural Gas’, is a mixture of vaporised ‘liquefied petroleum gas’ (LPG) and compressed air. SNG cannot be considered a ‘blended fuel’ because air is not a biogenic carbon fuel. SNG cannot be considered a ‘fuel mix’ because air is not a fossil fuel.
SNG is not separately listed as a fuel under NGER legislation. SNG can be categorised under Schedule 1 of NGER Regulations as ‘27 - Gaseous fossil fuels other than those mentioned in item 17 to 26’. The energy content and emission factor for this fuel is listed in Schedule 1 of the NGER Measurement Determination. When reporting the energy quantity of SNG, the reporter must consider the entire volume of air and LPG present.
To report the production and use of SNG, a reporter should include the following:
If the quantity of SNG has been acquired:
See Division 2.3.6—Measurement of quantity of gaseous fuels in the NGER Measurement Determination for more information.
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