Under the safeguard mechanism, facilities are given a baseline which is the reference point against which net-emissions levels will be assessed. A safeguard facility must keep its net emissions levels at or below its baseline.
There are four main types of emissions baselines:
A facility must exceed the 100,000 tCO2-e threshold to be covered by the safeguard mechanism. A baseline cannot be set below this level.
If a facility does not have one of the four types of baselines, then a default emissions baseline of 100,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2-e) will apply.
In some circumstances a facility covered by the safeguard mechanism may apply for a
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