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Measurement Determination

05 July 2022

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The self-service module in the client portal allows organisations to add, edit or remove:

  • Executive Officers
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Note: only users with the 'organisation administrator' role can create, modify or remove other users.

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Contents

Overview

The National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Measurement) Determination 2008 (Measurement Determination) provides methods, criteria and measurement standards for calculating greenhouse gas emissions and energy data under the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007 (NGER Act). It covers scope 1 and scope 2 emissions and energy production and consumption.

The Measurement Determination is updated annually to reflect improvements in emission estimation methods. Changes are also made in response to industry feedback. Reporters should make sure that they use the correct version of the Measurement Determination, corresponding to the year in which they are reporting. Reporters should also be aware of the relevant amendments made for that year. Amendments, compilations and explanatory memoranda for each year can be found on the on the NGER legislation page or on the Federal Register of Legislation.

Amendments for 2021–22

Amendments to the Measurement Determination for 2021–22 included:

  • A new source was introduced for emissions from hydrogen production at hydrogen production facilities whose primary product is hydrogen for use outside of the facility.
  • The method for estimating fugitive emissions from the transport and injection of greenhouse gases for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) has been expanded to include Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) where it is conducted for commercial reasons as part of oil and gas production.
  • Natural gas production or processing has been split into separate sources: onshore natural gas production; offshore natural gas production; natural gas gathering and boosting; and natural gas processing. New sources have also been introduced for natural gas storage; natural gas liquefaction, storage and transfer; and produced water.
  • The methods for estimating fugitive emissions from oil and natural gas facilities have been updated to reflect the latest available research, including results of Leak Detection and Repair (LDAR) programs.
  • Method 2 for emissions of methane from the combustion of gaseous fuels has been updated to allow for the use of more detailed and up-to-date emissions factors.
  • Method 3 has been introduced for fugitive emissions from crude oil refining and from storage tanks for crude oil, which allows estimation using component emissions factors from section 6.1.3 of the API Compendium.
  • Matters to be identified (MTBIs) have been updated for the sources: crude oil production; crude oil transport; crude oil transport; and crude oil refining.
  • Fuel item 33 has been renamed to ‘Crude oil’ (previously ‘Crude oil including crude oil condensates’), and has been redefined.
  • Fuel item 34 has been renamed ‘Plant condensate and other natural gas liquids not covered by another item’ (previously ‘Other natural gas liquids not covered by another item in this table’), and has been redefined.
  • Scope 2 electricity emission factors (kg CO2-e/kWh) have been updated:
    State/Territory2020–21 emission factor2021–22 emission factor
    NSW0.81
    0.79
    VIC
    0.98
    0.96
    QLD0.81
    0.80
    SA0.43
    0.35
    WA (South West Interconnected System)
    0.68
    0.68
    TAS0.17
    0.16
    NT0.62
    0.57
    ACT0.81
    0.79

More information on particular amendments is available in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Measurement) Amendment (2021 Update) Determination 2021.

Amendments for 2020–21

Amendments to the Measurement Determination for 2020–21 included:

  • Updates to constants and emission factors for various methods, and emission factors in Parts 1 to 4 of Schedule 1, to reflect changes to GWP described in regulation 2.02 of the Regulations.
  • Updated scope 2 emission factors (kg CO2-e/kWh) as per the table below:
    State/Territory2019–20 emission factor2020–21 emission factor
    NSW0.81
    0.81
    VIC
    1.02
    0.98
    QLD0.81
    0.81
    SA0.44
    0.43
    WA (South West Interconnected System)
    0.69
    0.68
    TAS0.15
    0.17
    NT0.63
    0.62
    ACT0.81
    0.81
  • New definitions, to clarify the matters to be identified related to fugitive emissions from oil and gas, as described in Part 2 of Schedule 3 of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Regulations 2008 (NGER Regulations).

More information on particular amendments is available in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Measurement) Amendment (2020 Update) Determination 2020.

Amendments for 2019–20

The Measurement Determination has been updated for 2019–20 onwards. Amendments include:

  • Updated scope 2 emissions factors (kg CO2-e/kWh) as per the table below, and
    State/Territory2018–192019–20
    NSW0.820.81
    VIC1.071.02
    QLD0.800.81
    SA0.510.44
    WA (South West Interconnected System)0.70 (no change)0.69
    TAS0.190.15
    NT0.64 (no change)0.63
    ACT0.820.81
  • The provision of a new Method 3 for estimating emissions from the distribution of natural gas using facility-specific factors determined or calculated in accordance with rules or procedures made by the Australian Energy Market Operator.

Further information on particular amendments is available in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Measurement) Amendment (2019 Update) Determination 2019 (Amendment Determination).

Amendments for 2018–19

Amendments to the Measurement Determination for 2018–19 included:

  • Updating scope 2 emission factors to reflect changes within the National Electricity Market in the last financial year.
  • Wastewater (domestic and commercial) emissions are now only reportable by facilities whose primary activities are covered by ANZSIC code 192 – Water supply, sewerage and drainage services.

More information on particular amendments is available in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Measurement) Amendment (2018 Update) Determination 2018 (Amendment Determination).

Amendments for 2017–18

Amendments to the Measurement Determination for 2017–18 included:

  • Provision of a method for estimating the energy content of sulphur, hydrogen and uranium produced at a facility or consumed at a facility.
  • Updating scope 2 emission factors to reflect changes within the National Electricity Market in the last financial year.
  • Clarification that the method used to determine scope 2 emissions also applies to electricity transmission network or distribution network facilities that consumes electricity through electricity losses.

More information on particular amendments is available in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Measurement) Amendment (Energy) Determination 2017 (Amendment Determination).

Amendments for 2016–17

Amendments to the Measurement Determination for 2016–17 included:

The NGER Amendment followed consultation by the Department of the Environment and is part of the Australian Government's commitment to continuously improve and enhance the efficiency of the NGER scheme.

The main amendments incorporated into the 2016–17 Measurement Determination include:

  • Updates to the scope 2 emissions factors for the consumption of electricity purchased from the grid
  • Alignment of the definition of legacy waste with the Safeguard Rule and amendments relating to measurement of legacy and non-legacy emissions from solid waste disposal in a landfill.
  • Removal of definitions which relate to the repealed carbon pricing mechanism;
  • Clarification of captured for permanent storage and an additional methods for estimating fugitives emissions from injection of greenhouse gasses into geological formations, and estimating fugitive emissions from geological formations used for the storage of greenhouse gasses.​

Amendments for 2015–16

Amendments to the Measurement Determination for 2013–14 included:

  • Changes were made to municipal waste under Schedule 2 in the NGER Amendment and these came into effect on 1 July 2015 and apply to the 2015–16 year.

Amendments for 2014–15

Amendments to the Measurement Determination for 2013–14 included:

  • An additional method for estimating the emissions from sludge lagoons
  • A change in the provision for "temporary unavailability of method" due to technical or mechanical failure which has been broadened to include "unavailability of a measurement system (e.g. due to a natural disaster")
  • Improved alignment of landfill gas combustion emissions estimation with the corresponding provision in the Carbon Farming Initiative
  • Updates to the scope 2 emissions factors for the consumption of electricity purchased from the grid
  • Clarification and improved flexibility relating to a number of other emission estimation methodologies to simplify, streamline and improve the accuracy of estimates.

Amendments for 2013–14

A number of changes were made to both the NGER Regulations 2008 and the Measurement Determination to streamline reporting obligations for reporters for 2013–14 onwards. These changes do not affect the integrity of NGER data for data users.

Consultation papers and submissions

More information on consultations undertaken to develop the NGER legislation is available through the Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources website.

Reporting guidelines

See our Guides and factsheets page for guidance on applying the Measurement Determination.


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