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Emissions reduction case studies

28 February 2023

These case studies highlight different Emissions Reduction projects and tell the story of how each project has benefitted participants.


Beef cattle

Beef cattle herd management

Australia’s cattle producers are reducing their environmental impact. The Emissions Reduction Fund recognises the benefits of new practices that achieve this - by managing large herds in ways that reduce the emissions per kilogram of beef produced. Tom Schroder from the South Pole Group explains how you can be involved.

See the full case study for Beef cattle herd management.

Savanna fire management

Arnhem Land Fire Abatement

Arnhem Land Fire Abatement (ALFA) was created by Traditional Owners and Aboriginal ranger groups in western Arnhem Land, who were involved in the first savanna fire abatement project anywhere in the world. The co-benefits of savanna fire management projects are extensive. For ALFA, the flow-on positive effects for Traditional Owners in Arnhem Land can be seen across a range of environmental, cultural, social and economic co-benefits.

See the full case study for Arnhem Land Fire Abatement.

Fighting fire with fire

Combining traditional Indigenous knowledge with modern technologies, controlled savanna burning in the early dry season (March to July) is one of the Emissions Reduction Fund carbon abatement methods. The Nyaliga Aboriginal Corporation manages a savanna fire carbon project across 6,400 square kilometres of traditional Country in the eastern Kimberley. Board member and elder Kathleen O’Reeri tells their story.

See the full case study for Nyaliga Aboriginal Corporation.

Soil carbon

Farming soil carbon: a second crop

More and more farmers are turning to new technologies to better manage their land. Nathan Simpson of Binginbar farms in New South Wales saw his farm deteriorating through years of overgrazing, and turned to increasing soil carbon levels as the solution. His project is the 1,000th participating in the Emissions Reduction Fund.

See the full case study for Binginbar farms.

Olsen’s Farm

In partnership with Agriprove, Niels and Marja Olsen have 100 hectares under a 25-year Emissions Reduction Fund project in West Gippsland, Victoria. Using a combination of techniques, they have substantially increased carbon levels in the soil and its productivity. The farm is producing higher yields, better drought resistance and earning carbon credits. This was the first farm to be issued Australian carbon credits for a measured increase in soil organic carbon.

See the full case study for Olsen’s Farm.

Human-induced regeneration

Brindingabba Station

David and Kylie Fisher farm in challenging conditions near Bourke, New South Wales. Large areas of their land had little remaining topsoil and permanent pasture due to grazing pressure. Working with GreenCollar, they changed the way some of their land is managed, resulting in the regrowth of native trees and returned groundcover. Their carbon credit income resulting from this Emissions Reduction Fund project has assisted with boarding school fees and the purchase of new farm equipment and infrastructure.

See the full case study for Brindingabba Station.



Rosie Galea and Mark Reed purchased their bush block at Wedderburn in Central Victoria in 2016. In conjunction with Greenfleet, in 2009 the previous owners commenced returning the unproductive grazing and cropping land to its original natural ecosystems by planting native trees, bushes and grasses. The block is now fully vegetated, attracting native birds and animals and producing carbon credits under the Emissions Reduction Fund.

See the full case study for Ploughshare.

Plantation forestry

OneFortyOne Plantations

In partnership with WeAct, OneFortyOne Plantations planted areas of new pine forest in Western Victoria in 2020. Using land that was either previously fallow or not well utilised, these plantations will be converted from short rotation (25 years) to long rotation (over 32 years) harvesting. In combination, these growing methods benefit the environment through retaining and improving the soil, while producing additional income from carbon credits under the Emissions Reduction Fund.

See the full case study for OneFourtyOne Plantations.

Avoided deforestation

Bulgoo Station

Peter and Beverley Yench run 8,000 sheep on their 132,000 acres at Cobar, New South Wales. In partnership with GreenCollar, they have protected 32,000 acres from deforestation and changed their grazing practices. Not only has the land much improved, they have more than doubled their stocking rate. Their carbon credit income generated under the Emissions Reduction Fund has assisted the purchase of additional farmland and livestock.

See the full case study for Bulgoo Station.

2021 video series – achievements of landholders in the Emissions Reduction Fund

The Clean Energy Regulator, in collaboration with the Carbon Market Institute, has developed a suite of video case studies that highlight the experience and achievements of landholders in the Emissions Reduction Fund.

See the full video series – achievements of landholders in the Emissions Reduction Fund.

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