On 4 March 2022, changes were announced to Commonwealth Government administration of fixed delivery
carbon abatement contracts (CACs).
CACs are commercial agreements between the Commonwealth (the ‘Buyer’) and a third party (the ‘Seller’). Fixed delivery CACs identify at least one associated Emissions Reduction Fund (ERF) project. However, Australian carbon credit units (ACCUs) may be sourced from any projects or from the private market to meet delivery obligations.
The fixed delivery exit arrangement (‘exit arrangement’) provides that the Buyer would make available to Sellers an optional alternative pathway to satisfy contractual obligations for fixed delivery contracts, by making an exit payment instead of delivering ACCUs for the contracted price. The exit payment is calculated by multiplying the contract price by the quantity of outstanding ACCUs for the milestone. The process is undertaken in line with existing clauses in
carbon abatement contracts (including clause 9.3).
Sellers considering applying for the exit arrangement are encouraged to review the
documentasset:exit arrangement decision tree, which provides a simplified outline of the application process and key decision points.
There is a three-step settlement process under the exit arrangement:
The conditional approval intends to provide Sellers with confidence in undertaking third-party transactions, if they choose, prior to making their exit payment to the Clean Energy Regulator.
The Clean Energy Regulator will aim to process applications within 30 business days.
The exit arrangement is being offered on a pilot basis for the current exit window (4 March to 30 June) and may be subject to refinement for future exit windows.
The Clean Energy Regulator will assess eligibility to participate in the exit arrangement in Step 2 of the three-step process.
In assessing a request, the following eligibility requirements apply:
The benefit sharing framework sets out the requirements for Sellers to be eligible for the exit arrangement. Please refer to the
Benefit sharing framework for further details.
The benefit sharing framework was finalised following consultation in April 2022. An overview of consultation outcomes is available on the
All parties involved in benefit sharing discussions should carefully consider their own circumstances and seek external financial and/or legal advice.
Sellers are considered to be compliant with the contract(s) where there are no outstanding contractual obligations related to delivery failures. Sellers are considered to be ‘in good standing’ where any negotiations with the Clean Energy Regulator have been conducted in good faith. Where a Seller holds multiple contracts, their eligibility is informed by their conduct across all such contracts.
Please refer to
Fixed delivery exit windows for information for application opening dates for current and upcoming fixed delivery exit windows.
Contract holders will be eligible to apply for the exit arrangement as fixed milestone delivery dates fall due within six-month windows each year, with applications opening ahead of each window between:
This approach intends to moderate the rate at which ACCUs are released to give the market time to adjust to new supply. It also provides fixed contract holders with clarity about when their milestones will be eligible and time to pay the exit payment. Applications will not be accepted for milestones that are not within an open window.
Submitting an application or receiving conditional approval does not prevent you from delivering the milestone as per existing contractual arrangements. Should you wish to make deliveries and receive payment under the existing contract terms, you will be able to do so until the exit payment has been paid.
However, any delivery of ACCUs subject to an exit arrangement application to the Clean Energy Regulator after an application has been submitted will void the application for the exit arrangement and any associated conditional approval.
Where you anticipate making a partial delivery towards a delivery milestone, you are advised to do so prior to submitting an application for the remaining delivery under the exit arrangement to avoid needing to seek conditional approval multiple times.
The exit payment will be calculated by multiplying the contract price by the quantity of ACCUs to be released. GST is not payable on the exit payment.
The quantity of ACCUs to be released will be the outstanding volume of the nominated delivery milestone subject to the application.
Eligibility to participate does not depend on ACCU holdings or anticipated ACCU issuance. While benefit sharing requirements need to be satisfied, the exit arrangement does not impose additional requirements relating to the sale or other use of ACCUs.
The invoice must be paid in full by the nominated milestone delivery date otherwise the conditional approval will be deemed to be void. Note for the first application window (milestones due between March 4 and 30 June 2022) an extension to 31 August 2022 is available.
If the invoice is not paid in full on or before the milestone delivery date and ACCUs are not delivered, the full contractual obligations relating to delivery failures will be applicable.
The Clean Energy Regulator aims to assess completed applications within 30 business days. Sellers are advised to take processing times and milestone delivery dates into account to avoid delivery failures.
The Clean Energy Regulator may make a request for further information to complete an assessment. A deadline for responding to a request for further information will be set and if missed, the application may be declined.
Any changes to bank account details after an application has been submitted will void conditional approvals. As the nominated bank accounts under CACs will be used for refunds, it is important that any changes are properly vetted to avoid the risk of funds being inappropriately directed.
Conditional approval will also be voided based on the below:
Sellers who wish to change the nominated bank details/the Seller details/the parties covered by the benefit sharing framework will need to submit a new application for the exit arrangement after the changes have been made.
The Clean Energy Regulator will publish information on the volume of ACCUs that could be released in each exit arrangement window when the window opens. This will refer to a volume of ACCUs up to a certain amount, noting that some Sellers may choose not to take up the exit arrangements. ACCUs may be delivered to milestones in the exit window after the information is published.
After each window has closed and it is clear how many ACCUs have been released as a result of the exit arrangement, the Clean Energy Regulator will publish this information to support transparency and inform market decisions.
For example: The 4 March 2022 to 30 June 2022 window is now open. Up to 5.8 million ACCUs are scheduled for delivery in this windows, and could be released under the exit arrangement. However, as the exit arrangement is opt-in, not all volume scheduled for delivery in this window will necessarily be made available to the spot market. Also, some Sellers may choose to enter into longer term offtake agreements with private buyers covering subsequent delivery periods. If so, some ACCUs released under the exit arrangements in subsequent periods also may not be made available to the spot market.
The Clean Energy Regulator proposes the following schedule for publication:
About The Clean Energy Regulator
Carbon Farming Initiative
Carbon Pricing Mechanism
National Greenhouse And Energy Reporting
Renewable Energy Target
Emissions Reduction Fund
Our Systems And Their Resources
Clean Energy Markets
Data and information
Emissions Reduction Assurance Committee
Subscribe to email updates
Information Publication Scheme
Freedom of Information
The Clean Energy Regulator is a Government body responsible for accelerating carbon abatement for Australia.