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Eligible interest holder consent

12 July 2023

Native title, legal right and eligible interest-holder consent guidance available

The Clean Energy Regulator has developed guidance that explores how the Native Title Act 1993 interacts with Emissions Reduction Fund requirements, including obtaining legal right and consents from all eligible interest-holders to undertake a project.

Eligible interest holder consent form for Crown Lands Minister, Western Australia

The Clean Energy Regulator and WA government have developed a form for project proponents to use when seeking consent from the Crown Lands Minister of Western Australia, where the Crown Lands Minister has an eligible interest in an area of land on which an Emissions Reduction Fund project under the Human induced regeneration method or the Savanna Fire Management 2018 - emissions avoidance method is, or will be implemented by the project proponent.

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If you are applying to register an area-based emissions avoidance project or a sequestration project under the Emissions Reduction Fund, you must seek the consent of any persons or organisations holding an eligible interest in the land on which your project will run. Failure to do so will result in non-compliance.


What types of projects require eligible interest holder consent?

There are two types of projects conducted under the Emissions Reduction Fund where a project owner will require eligible interest holder consent:

  • Emissions avoidance projects prevent greenhouse gas emissions from entering the atmosphere.
    • An area-based emissions avoidance project is a project that avoids emissions of greenhouse gases from the burning of savannas. It also applies to any other emissions avoidance project where it is necessary to determine the size of an area in order to work out the amount of abatement for the project.
  • Sequestration projects store carbon in soil or in plants as they grow.
    • Sequestration projects affect the future use of land for up to 25 or 100 years, depending on the permanence period nominated by the project owner.

When do I need eligible interest holder consent?

The Clean Energy Regulator requires eligible interest holder consent in two situations:

  • When registering a project with the Emissions Reduction Fund. If conditional registration is granted, eligible interest holder consent must be provided before the end of the first reporting period.
  • When the area of a sequestration project is varied to add or remove parts of the original area:
    • For any variation to the project area written consent must be obtained from all eligible interest-holders who have a legal interest in the varied project area, regardless of any consents previously given.
    • This applies to all eligible interest-holders, not only to those with an interest in the portion of the land being added or removed.

Who is an eligible interest-holder?

An eligible interest-holder under the Emissions Reduction Fund is a person or organisation that has a specific legal interest in the land on which a project is being, or will be, conducted. A complete listing of eligible interest-holders is provided in sections 43 to 45A of the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Act 2011.

The number and type of eligible interest-holders will vary depending on the nature of the land title and project type, but will generally include those persons or organisations listed on land titles as having an interest in the property. These persons and organisations may include, but are not limited to, financial institutions that hold a mortgage over the land, registered native title bodies corporate, or in the case of Crown land, the relevant Minister.

Some parties that have provided legal right to conduct the project may also need to provide their consent as an eligible interest holder. See more about legal right.

Project owners need to be aware that in some circumstances eligible interest-holders will not grant consent for a project to take place on land in which they have an interest. In these cases, the project may need to be varied or voluntarily revoked.

In addition to considering what eligible interest-holders you may need to consult, projects that have native title considerations will also need to consider how the Native Title Act 1993 interacts with scheme requirements. See more about native title.

How do I prove consent?

Owners of area-based emissions avoidance or sequestration projects must seek the consent of eligible interest-holders and submit to the Clean Energy Regulator signed consent forms from each eligible interest-holder.

A signed documentasset: eligible interest holder consent form is a legal document. It confirms that eligible interest-holders understand the details of the proposed project, including any risks and benefits to them resulting from the project.

An eligible interest holder consent form is not required from a party to an Indigenous land use agreement if that agreement includes consent to the making of an Emissions Reduction Fund project application on the project land. If that consent is set out in a registered Indigenous land use agreement, then for so long as the project is registered as an Emissions Reduction Fund project details of the agreement must not be removed from the Register of Indigenous Land Use Agreements without the written consent of the Clean Energy Regulator.

What happens if consent is not granted or is delayed?

If a project owner has not obtained signed consent forms from each eligible interest holder before submitting their project for registration, only conditional registration will be granted.

If a project is granted conditional registration, the project owner must provide signed eligible interest holder consent forms to the Clean Energy Regulator before the end of their first reporting period. Failure to do so may result in the project owner not receiving Australian Carbon Credit Units (ACCUs).

Those project owners with a contract with the Australian Government to deliver ACCUs on particular dates must ensure they can meet their obligations. If they are unable to obtain eligible interest holder consent or if consent is delayed, ACCUs may not be issued in time to fulfil their contracted obligations.

It is vital to plan ahead and allow ample time to prepare your first report, facilitate an audit, obtain eligible interest holder consent forms and submit the report. Early consultation with the Clean Energy Regulator will assist your understanding of the costs, benefits and obligations associated with your project.

The Clean Energy Regulator's processing times for applications and reports need to be factored into your planning.

Can I participate in an auction with conditional registration?

Yes, you can participate in an auction but the Clean Energy Regulator requires a conditions precedent be included in your contract. The conditions precedent will require you to obtain the eligible interest holder consents prior to your ACCU delivery obligations commencing.

The Clean Energy Regulator and the contractor must agree on the conditions precedent. More information is available at understanding contract​s.

What is not covered by giving eligible interest holder consent?

Giving of consent by an eligible interest holder does not:

  • mean the eligible interest holder will automatically be responsible for restoring carbon stocks should they be lost
  • prevent the land on which the project is taking place from being transferred or sold
  • establish a legal right to undertake the project
  • assign carbon sequestration rights to the project owner
  • demonstrate permission to run a project on land owned by the person or entity holding the carbon sequestration right
  • prove that the proposed area-based emissions avoidance project or sequestration project is eligible or viable for participation in the Emissions Reduction Fund
  • transfer ownership of the proposed project to the eligible interest-holder
  • establish commercial arrangements for allocating future ACCUs with the eligible interest-holder
  • prevent the project owner from withdrawing from the Emissions Reduction Fund at any time.


This document provides general guidance concerning legal rights in the context of Emissions Reduction Fund projects. While reasonable steps have been taken in compiling this document, the Clean Energy Regulator accepts no responsibility for the accuracy, currency or completeness of the information contained in the document.

The Clean Energy Regulator recommends persons consult the relevant legislation and seek legal or professional advice concerning their circumstances if they have any doubts.

The Clean Energy Regulator is not engaged in providing legal or professional advice in making this document available.

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