Corporations registered by the Greenhouse and Energy Data Officer are required to report all greenhouse gas emissions, energy production and energy consumption from facilities under the operational control of the registered corporation or a member of its group. Defining a 'facility' and determining a facility's boundaries are therefore central to reporting under the Act. In some cases, greenhouse gas emissions, energy production and energy consumption data from the operation of facilities may be provided by a member of the registered corporation's group.
Under section 9 of the NGER Act a facility is an activity, or a series of activities (including ancillary activities), that involve the production of greenhouse gas emissions, the production of energy or the consumption of energy and that:
- form a single undertaking or enterprise and meet the requirements of the NGER Regulations, or
- are declared by the GEDO to be a facility under section 54:
but does not include an activity, or a series of activities, in the exclusive economic zone, except to the extent that it is an oil or gas extraction activity or series of activities.