Diversify revenue Carbon credits provide another income stream for your property. Lower electricity bills Generate renewable electricity for use on-site or to sell to the grid. Odour control Wastewater treatment can reduce odour effects on local residents. Environmental action Be recognised for your contribution to Australia's emissions reductions. Help with these projects I want to know the basics Introduction to wastewater projects, how they work and their eligibility requirements. Show me the basics I want more information Further information and resources on wastewater projects under the Emissions Reduction Fund. Show me the details How these projects work The decomposing organic matter in wastewater produces biogas including greenhouse gases like methane. When treated in an open wastewater lagoon, these gases are released into the atmosphere. Wastewater treatment projects involve replacing open lagoons with closed anaerobic digesters. An anaerobic digester is a system that collects biogas and sends it to be burned by a combustion device. You can combust biogas using a flare, or in a generator to heat boilers or generate renewable electricity. This electricity can be used on site or sold back into the electricity grid. Combusting biogas converts its methane component to carbon dioxide, which is a much less potent greenhouse gas. You earn carbon credits for the reduction in methane emitted (measured in carbon dioxide equivalent). Project activities You run a wastewater treatment project by: Measuring and calculating your current emissions levels. Replacing an open wastewater treatment lagoon with an anaerobic digester (either a covered lagoon or an engineered biodigester). Collecting and combusting captured methane (which can be used to generate useful heat or electricity). Measuring and calculating emissions reductions from the treatment process upgrade. Eligibility requirements To be eligible you must: Ensure that prior to registering your project, you are treating domestic, commercial or industrial wastewater in an open lagoon that is at least two metres deep. You also need to provide data on the historic sources of your wastewater. Establish legal right (the right to run your project and claim carbon credits) - for example, obtain consent from the site owner to undertake the project. Obtain regulatory approvals required to run your project and ensure project activities are not required to be carried out under a Commonwealth, state or territory law. Make sure your project is new - you cannot start project activities until after we register your project. Running and reporting on your project As part of registering a project, you will need to describe your proposed activities and calculate your expected carbon credits. There are operating, monitoring, reporting and audit obligations in running a wastewater treatment project. You will need to report on your project at least once every two years. You receive carbon credits each time you report over a period of seven years. Relevant legislation and resources Factsheet - Wastewater treatment projects. Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative-Domestic, Commercial and Industrial Wastewater) Methodology Determination 2015), and its explanatory statement. Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Act 2011, the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Regulations 2011 and the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Rule 2015.