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Safeguard baselines table

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20 December 2018


Under the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Safeguard Mechanism) Rule 2015 the Clean Energy Regulator publishes information relating to emissions baseline determinations (baselines).

The safeguard baselines table includes facilities that have been issued a baseline determination under the safeguard mechanism. Inclusion on this table does not mean a facility will be covered by the safeguard mechanism for 2016–17 or for future financial years. Coverage will depend on whether the facility's covered emissions for the relevant financial year exceed the 100,000 tonne carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2-e) safeguard threshold. Additionally, in the case of designated generation facilities that are connected to a designated electricity network (grid-connected electricity generators), facilities will only be covered once the sectoral baseline has been exceeded.

Responsible emitters identified on the safeguard baselines table can keep their emissions down in number of ways. For example, a responsible emitter may purchase Australian carbon credit units (ACCUs) and surrender them to offset their emissions, or generate their own ACCUs by carrying out a project under the Emissions Reduction Fund.

Facilities that meet, or exceed the safeguard threshold in a financial year from 1 July 2016, are referred to as a designated large facility for the purposes of the safeguard mechanism.

Safeguard baselines table update

The safeguard baselines table was last updated on 20 Decemb​er 2018 to reflect baseline determinations made under the safeguard mechanism. The Clean Energy Regulator will continue to update this information as baseline determinations are made and new information becomes available.

Summary of updates

UpdatesTotalSince last update
Number of baseline determinations published414
Baseline determination type: reported 333
Baseline determination type: calculated 81
Multi-year monitoring period determinations155
​​Other determination detail updates*​23​1


*Updates to a determination’s details could be for a number of reasons including as a result of a change in responsible emitter, variation of a baseline emissions number or publication of a baseline emissions number that was previously withheld pending the outcome of a section 25 application. These are updates to already published determinations and do not affect the number of baseline determinations published. 

Safeguard baselines table

Notes about this publication​

Baseline number in force:

  • A facility may be issued multiple baselines under the safeguard mechanism, however only one baseline will apply in relation to a particular monitoring period (generally, a financial year). All reported baseline determinations will come into force from 1 July 2016, and will remain in place unless replaced by another baseline determination, such as a calculated baseline.
  • Some facilities did not have sufficient historical data for a reported baseline. These facilities may be eligible for a calculated baseline under the new facility criteria. Facilities that have been issued a calculated baseline under the new facility criteria will not have a reported baseline.
  • Baselines that are withheld may be pending the submission of an application, or a decision under, section 25 of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007 (NGER Act).

Historical data: The Clean Energy Regulator is required to make a reported baseline determination for the facility based on its historical data. The historical data used as the basis of a reported baseline may not be data that was reported by the responsible emitter (or the controlling corporation of the responsible emitter) currently responsible for the facility. For example, the facility may have been sold, leading to reporting from different controlling corporations during the baseline setting period. Similarly, where a reporting transfer certificate (RTC) has been issued, the RTC holder will provide the reported data, while the person with operational control will be the responsible emitter.

Treatment of closed and partially closed facilities:

  • In circumstances where all activities at a facility has ceased, and it has been determined that there are no emissions or energy production or consumption occurring on site, the site will no longer meet the definition of a facility for the purposes of the NGER Act and a baseline determination will not be issued.
  • In circumstances where a facility has closed or partially closed, but there are still residual emissions, energy production or energy consumption occurring at the facility:
    • The minimum baseline of 100,000 will be issued where the removal of emissions associated with the ceased activities would lead to an adjusted baseline of less than 100,000 tonnes, or
    • Where the responsible emitter has advised that activities at the facility are likely to recommence within three financial years, the baseline number will be set at the historical highpoint of reported data, with no adjustments made to account for the ceasing of activities.

Multi-year monitoring period determinations:

  • Under section 65 of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Safeguard Mechanism) Rule 2015 (Safeguard Rule), responsible emitters may apply to the Clean Energy Regulator for a multi-year monitoring period to be declared in relation to a facility.
  • Where a multi-year monitoring period has been granted, the baseline emissions number for the facility is calculated as a single baseline number that applies across the entire multi-year monitoring period. At the end of the period, aggregate covered emissions for the two or three year period (plus or minus any Australian carbon credit units issued or surrendered) are compared against this baseline number to determine whether the facility is in an excess emissions situation.

Baseline variation for an improvement in emissions intensity:

  • Under section 46 of the Safeguard Rule, responsible emitters may apply to the Clean Energy Regulator for a facility’s baseline to be varied, where they can demonstrate that the emissions intensity at a facility has improved.
  • Provided the relevant tests are met, the facility’s baseline is varied to the level of covered emissions from the facility, for a particular financial year.

Other variations to baselines

In certain circumstances, the Clean Energy Regulator may amend:

  • a reported baseline where it includes emissions attributable to activities that no longer occur at the facility,
  • a reported baseline that was based on reported data that has later been determined to be incorrect,
  • any type of baseline determination to take into account updates to the NGER legislation in relation to global warming potentials, and
  • any type of baseline determination to rectify an error.

A registered corporation, or a person required to report under the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007 (the NGER Act), may apply to have its data withheld from publication. A request can only be made in relation to information which reveals or could be capable of revealing a trade secret or any other matter having a commercial value that would be, or could reasonably be expected to be, destroyed or diminished if the information were disclosed specific to the facility or responsible emitter. See what data is published and why for more information.

The Clean Energy Regulator takes all reasonable efforts to ensure the information published on its website is accurate at the time of publication.

Downloadable data

documentasset:Safeguard baselines table

Abel Underground Coal MineDonaldson Coal Pty Ltd87 073 088 945
Reported baseline
AER Rail Freight QLDAustralia Eastern Railroad Pty Ltd84 118 274 776
Reported baseline
Alinta Pinjarra Generation FacilityAlcoa of Australia Limited93 004 879 298
Reported baseline
Angaston OperationsAdelaide Brighton Ltd.15 007 596 018
Reported baseline
Anglesea Power StationAlcoa of Australia Limited93 004 879 298
Reported baseline
APLNG LNG FacilityConocoPhillips Australia Pty Ltd86 092 288 376
Calculated baseline
APN01 Appin Colliery - ICH FacilityEndeavour Coal Pty Limited38 099 830 476
Reported baseline
Appin CSM Power StationEDL CSM (NSW) Pty Ltd66 064 847 490
Reported baseline
APU01 Pyrenees - AOA FacilityBHP Billiton Petroleum Pty Ltd97 006 918 832
Multi-year monitoring period
ARC01 Mining Area C - MNG FacilityBHP Billiton Iron Ore Pty. Ltd.46 008 700 981
Calculated baseline
Ashton Coal Mine (Underground)ASHTON COAL OPERATIONS PTY LIMITED22 078 556 500
Reported baseline
ATCO Gas Australia Pty LtdATCO Gas Australia GP Pty Ltd76 151 245 779
Calculated baseline
Augusta Power StationFlinders Operating Services Pty Ltd36 094 130 837
Reported baseline
Aurizon Rail Freight NSWAurizon Operations Limited47 564 947 264
Calculated baseline
Aurizon Rail Freight QLDAURIZON OPERATIONS LIMITED47 564 947 264
Reported baseline
AusNet Gas ServicesAusNet Gas Services Pty Ltd43 086 015 036
Reported baseline
Austar Coal Mine (Underground)Austar Coal Mine Pty Limited67 111 910 822
Reported baseline
Australian Gas Networks (SA) LtdAustralian Gas Networks Limited19 078 551 685
Reported baseline
Australian Gas Networks (Vic) Pty LtdAustralian Gas Networks Limited19 078 551 685
Reported baseline
AWR Rail Freight WAAustralia Western Railroad Pty Ltd39 094 792 275
Reported baseline
BalleraSantos Limited80 007 550 923
Reported baseline
Basker Manta GummyCooper Energy Limited93 096 170 295
Reported baseline
Bayswater Power StationAGL MACQUARIE PTY LIMITED18 167 859 494
Reported baseline
Bell Bay SmelterRio Tinto Aluminium (Bell Bay) Limited91 009 483 201
Calculated baseline
Beltana / Blakefield SouthBulga Coal Management Pty Limited48 055 534 391
Calculated baseline
Bengalla OperationsBengalla Mining Company Pty Limited32 053 909 470
Reported baseline
Big Lake GasSantos Limited80 007 550 923
Reported baseline
Birkenhead OperationsAdelaide Brighton Ltd.15 007 596 018
Reported baseline
Blackwater MineBM Alliance Coal Operations Pty Limited67 096 412 752
Calculated Baseline
Blair Athol MineRio Tinto Coal Australia Pty Limited74 010 542 140
Reported baseline
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