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Safeguard baselines table

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17 December 2019

Important information for responsible emitters

The National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Safeguard Mechanism) Rule 2015 has been amended to extend the 2018–19 baseline application deadline from 31 October 2019 to 15 April 2020 for facilities with a declared multi-year period, that covers the 2018–19 and 2019–20 compliance years. It also allows facilities to use the transitional calculated baseline criteria a second time from the 2019–20 year onwards, to adopt newly established government-determined prescribed production variables. Further information can be found in the explanatory statement for this latest amendment.

This website includes references to prescribed (annually adjusted) and prescribed (fixed) production variables that are yet to be finalised by the Department of the Environment and Energy.

Applications will not be able to use prescribed production variables or default emissions intensities until they have been included in Schedules 2 and 3 of the Safeguard Rule.

For more information please contact the Clean Energy Regulator.


Under the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Safeguard Mechanism) Rule 2015 the Clean Energy Regulator publishes information relating to emissions baseline determinations (baselines).

The safeguard baselines table includes facilities that have been issued a baseline determination under the safeguard mechanism. Inclusion on this table does not mean a facility will be covered by the safeguard mechanism for 2016–17 or for future financial years. Coverage will depend on whether the facility's covered emissions for the relevant financial year exceed the 100,000 tonne carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2-e) safeguard threshold. Additionally, in the case of designated generation facilities that are connected to a designated electricity network (grid-connected electricity generators), facilities will only be covered once the sectoral baseline has been exceeded.

Responsible emitters identified on the safeguard baselines table can keep their emissions down in number of ways. For example, a responsible emitter may purchase Australian carbon credit units (ACCUs) and surrender them to offset their emissions, or generate their own ACCUs by carrying out a project under the Emissions Reduction Fund.

Facilities that meet, or exceed the safeguard threshold in a financial year from 1 July 2016, are referred to as a designated large facility for the purposes of the safeguard mechanism.

Safeguard baselines table update​

The safeguard baselines table was last updated on 13 May 2019 to reflect baseline determinations made under the safeguard mechanism. The Clean Energy Regulator will continue to update this information as baseline determinations are made and new information becomes available.

Summary of updates

UpdatesTotalSince last update
Number of baseline determinations published423
Baseline determination type: reported 333
Baseline determination type: calculated 90
Multi-year monitoring period determinations18
​​Other determination detail updates*​10


*Updates to a determination’s details could be for a number of reasons including as a result of a variation of a baseline emissions number or publication of a baseline emissions number that was previously withheld pending the outcome of a section 25 application. These are updates to already published determinations and do not affect the number of baseline determinations published.

Safeguard baselines table

Notes about this publication​

Baseline number in force:

  • Where a facility has both a reported baseline and a calculated baseline, the calculated baseline will be ‘in force’, until such time as it expires.
  • If a facility has had more than one calculated baseline determination made, the most recently made one will be the baseline that is ‘in force’.
  • Where a multi-year monitoring period is in place, the facility’s baseline for the entire period will be the total of the baselines that would have been ‘in force’ for each year during the extended monitoring period.
  • Where a facility has had its baseline temporarily varied due to improved emissions intensity, the variation will be ‘in force’, for that particular financial year.
  • Baselines that are withheld may be pending the submission of an application, or a decision under, section 25 of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007 (NGER Act).

Historical data: The Clean Energy Regulator is required to make a reported baseline determination for the facility based on its historical data. The historical data used as the basis of a reported baseline may not be data that was reported by the responsible emitter (or the controlling corporation of the responsible emitter) currently responsible for the facility. For example, the facility may have been sold, leading to reporting from different controlling corporations during the baseline setting period. Similarly, where a reporting transfer certificate (RTC) has been issued, the RTC holder will provide the reported data, while the person with operational control will be the responsible emitter.

Treatment of closed and partially closed facilities:

  • In circumstances where all activities at a facility has ceased, and it has been determined that there are no emissions or energy production or consumption occurring on site, the site will no longer meet the definition of a facility for the purposes of the NGER Act and a baseline determination will not be issued.
  • In circumstances where a facility has closed or partially closed, but there are still residual emissions, energy production or energy consumption occurring at the facility:
    • The minimum baseline of 100,000 will be issued where the removal of emissions associated with the ceased activities would lead to an adjusted baseline of less than 100,000 tonnes, or
    • Where the responsible emitter has advised that activities at the facility are likely to recommence within three financial years, the baseline number will be set at the historical highpoint of reported data, with no adjustments made to account for the ceasing of activities.

Multi-year monitoring period determinations:

  • Under section 65 of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Safeguard Mechanism) Rule 2015 (Safeguard Rule), responsible emitters may apply to the Clean Energy Regulator for a multi-year monitoring period to be declared in relation to a facility.
  • Where a multi-year monitoring period has been granted, the baseline emissions number for the facility is calculated as a single baseline number that applies across the entire multi-year monitoring period. At the end of the period, aggregate covered emissions for the two or three year period (plus or minus any Australian carbon credit units issued or surrendered) are compared against this baseline number to determine whether the facility is in an excess emissions situation.

Baseline variation for an improvement in emissions intensity:

  • Under section 46 of the Safeguard Rule, responsible emitters may apply to the Clean Energy Regulator for a facility’s baseline to be varied, where they can demonstrate that the emissions intensity at a facility has improved.
  • Provided the relevant tests are met, the facility’s baseline is varied to the level of covered emissions from the facility, for a particular financial year.

Other variations to baselines

In certain circumstances, the Clean Energy Regulator may amend:

  • a reported baseline where it includes emissions attributable to activities that no longer occur at the facility,
  • a reported baseline that was based on reported data that has later been determined to be incorrect,
  • any type of baseline determination to take into account updates to the NGER legislation in relation to global warming potentials, and
  • any type of baseline determination to rectify an error.

A registered corporation, or a person required to report under the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007 (the NGER Act), may apply to have its data withheld from publication. A request can only be made in relation to information which reveals or could be capable of revealing a trade secret or any other matter having a commercial value that would be, or could reasonably be expected to be, destroyed or diminished if the information were disclosed specific to the facility or responsible emitter. See what data is published and why for more information.

The Clean Energy Regulator takes all reasonable efforts to ensure the information published on its website is accurate at the time of publication.

Downloadable data

documentasset:Safeguard baselines table

State of operation
Abel Underground Coal MineNSWDONALDSON COAL PTY LTD87 073 088 945148,286Reported baselineCurrent
AER Rail Freight QLDQLDAUSTRALIA EASTERN RAILROAD PTY LTD84 118 274 776141,051Reported baselineCurrent
Alinta Pinjarra Generation FacilityWAALCOA OF AUSTRALIA LIMITED93 004 879 2981,318,700Reported baselineCurrent
Angaston OperationsSAADELAIDE BRIGHTON LTD.15 007 596 018246,443Reported baselineCurrent
Anglesea Power StationVICALCOA OF AUSTRALIA LIMITED93 004 879 298100,000Reported baselineCurrent
APLNG LNG FacilityQLDCONOCOPHILLIPS AUSTRALIA PTY LTD86 092 288 3762,599,192Calculated baselineCurrent
APN01 Appin Colliery - ICH FacilityNSWENDEAVOUR COAL PTY LIMITED38 099 830 4763,960,227Reported baselineCurrent
Appin CSM Power StationNSWEDL CSM (NSW) PTY LTD66 064 847 490258,975Reported baselineCurrent
APU01 Pyrenees - AOA FacilityWABHP BILLITON PETROLEUM PTY LTD97 006 918 832588,383Calculated baselineCurrent
APU01 Pyrenees - AOA FacilityWABHP BILLITON PETROLEUM PTY LTD97 006 918 832N/AMulti-year monitoring periodCurrent
APU01 Pyrenees - AOA FacilityWABHP BILLITON PETROLEUM PTY LTD97 006 918 832424,674Reported baselineHistorical
ARC01 Mining Area C - MNG FacilityWABHP BILLITON IRON ORE PTY. LTD.46 008 700 981354,064Calculated baselineCurrent
ARC01 Mining Area C - MNG FacilityWABHP BILLITON IRON ORE PTY. LTD.46 008 700 981275,601Reported baselineHistorical
Ashton Coal Mine (Underground)NSWASHTON COAL OPERATIONS PTY LIMITED22 078 556 500501,235Reported baselineCurrent
ATCO Gas Australia Pty LtdWAATCO GAS AUSTRALIA GP PTY LTD76 151 245 779159,142Calculated baselineCurrent
ATCO Gas Australia Pty LtdWAATCO GAS AUSTRALIA GP PTY LTD76 151 245 779144,072Reported baselineHistorical
Augusta Power StationSAFLINDERS OPERATING SERVICES PTY LTD36 094 130 837100,000Reported baselineCurrent
Aurizon Rail Freight NSWNSWAURIZON OPERATIONS LIMITED47 564 947 264134,160Calculated baselineCurrent
Aurizon Rail Freight QLDQLDAURIZON OPERATIONS LIMITED47 564 947 264418,007Reported baselineCurrent
AusNet Gas ServicesVICAUSNET GAS SERVICES PTY LTD43 086 015 036169,898Reported baselineCurrent
Austar Coal Mine (Underground)NSWAUSTAR COAL MINE PTY LIMITED67 111 910 822211,460Reported baselineCurrent
Australian Gas Networks (SA) LtdSAAUSTRALIAN GAS NETWORKS LIMITED19 078 551 685300,947Reported baselineCurrent
Australian Gas Networks (Vic) Pty LtdVICAUSTRALIAN GAS NETWORKS LIMITED19 078 551 685317,176Reported baselineCurrent
AWR Rail Freight WAWAAUSTRALIA WESTERN RAILROAD PTY LTD39 094 792 275216,451Reported baselineCurrent
BalleraQLDSANTOS LIMITED80 007 550 923439,404Reported baselineCurrent
Basker Manta GummyVICCOOPER ENERGY LIMITED93 096 170 295130,007Reported baselineCurrent
Bayswater Power StationNSWAGL MACQUARIE PTY LIMITED18 167 859 49414,631,471Reported baselineCurrent
Bell Bay SmelterTASRIO TINTO ALUMINIUM (BELL BAY) LIMITED91 009 483 201365,384Calculated baselineCurrent
Bell Bay SmelterTASRIO TINTO ALUMINIUM (BELL BAY) LIMITED91 009 483 201333,345Reported baselineHistorical
Beltana / Blakefield SouthNSWBULGA COAL MANAGEMENT PTY LIMITED48 055 534 3913,314,944Calculated baselineCurrent
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