The National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting scheme is a national framework for reporting and sharing information about greenhouse gas emissions, and energy production and consumption.
Corporations that meet legislated thresholds must register and report annually.
Reported data informs government policy, programs and activities, avoids duplication of similar reporting requirements in the states and territories, and helps meet Australia’s international reporting obligations.
Data from the scheme is also used to determine baselines for the safeguard mechanism and measure emissions against those baselines (see
Emissions Reduction Fund).
As well as the emissions and energy data we are required to publish, we are progressively releasing additional related data as part of our continued effort to improve the availability and accessibility of national greenhouse and energy reporting information.
National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting scheme data is a national asset providing comprehensive coverage of Australia’s energy production, energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.
Corporations report on their previous 12 months’ data, which means the reports we received by 31 October 2017 provided emissions and energy details for 2016–17. During that year, there were 788 organisations listed on the National Greenhouse and Energy Register. Of those, 406 corporations met the threshold for publishing their emissions and energy data for 2016–17, compared with 394 the previous year.8
Highlights and data sets for 2016–17 are available on our website.
Scheme data helps meet Australia’s international reporting obligations, informs and assists with Commonwealth, state and territory policy and program development, and reduces duplication in reporting.
In particular, the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting scheme data provides a foundation for international reporting work by the Department of the Environment and Energy. For example, scheme data contributes approximately 60 per cent of the emissions data for the National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report, which is part of the National Greenhouse Accounts produced by the Department of the Environment and Energy. These accounts are required to meet Australia’s reporting commitments under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting scheme data also contributes around 80 per cent of the energy data for the Australian Energy Statistics. The Australian Energy Statistics is the authoritative and official source of energy data for Australia, and forms the basis of Australia’s reporting obligations to the International Energy Agency.
We provide the secretariat for the Commonwealth Information Sharing Network and the State and Territory Information Sharing Network, which are forums to discuss National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting scheme data. These networks and our ongoing interactions with Commonwealth and state/territory government agencies, via the training and support services we provide, will continue to assist in identifying opportunities for further use of National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting scheme data.
We are moving towards a one-on-one type information sharing model for states and territories, increasing face-to-face interactions to meet training requirements and assist with addressing specific business needs. This model will complement the existing Information Sharing Network forum and will:
Publishing aggregated scheme data enables us to provide valuable emissions and energy information to the public and other data users while retaining confidentiality of individual reporter-level data. For example, our website includes ‘A closer look at energy and emissions data’, we provide aggregated scheme data through CSIRO’s proposed energy use data model (EUDM), and we publish scheme and other data we collect through the Australian Renewable Energy Mapping Infrastructure Project’s National Map.
The National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting scheme will continue to support the safeguard mechanism by providing the data to help determine baseline emissions and check compliance with baselines (see
Emissions Reduction Fund for more details about the safeguard mechanism and baselines).
For almost a decade the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting scheme has been collecting information about Australia’s energy production and consumption, and greenhouse gas emissions.
This data is sourced from energy and emissions reports received from hundreds of corporations that have met reporting thresholds.
This information is available to inform important decisions, including national, state and territory policies, programs and activities with environmental and economic impacts. As a result, the integrity of the data is paramount.
To ensure the information we share and publish is accurate, we continually evaluate and evolve the way we administer the scheme. This has resulted in more evidence-based compliance monitoring and use of data analytics tools to manage existing compliance priorities and help identify emerging risks.
We are integrating more algorithms and developing new tools to improve data analytics applied across a broad range of the data. This increases visibility of significant differences from one year to the next that we need to validate. For example, a corporation may report an amount of energy or emissions where the unit of measurement applied is incorrect. This is routinely detected through the use of analytics tools.
Analysis of location data can also highlight anomalies to be examined further. For instance, if a corporation provides its head office location in Sydney, rather than the Queensland location of the facility reporting emissions, this could skew data about state emissions levels used to inform state government decisions such as emissions controls or energy efficiency policy.
Some of our clients operate across a number of the schemes we administer and, where appropriate, we use a range of data sourced from the schemes and other agencies for validation purposes. Such information sharing and the use of data analytics allows us see if a risk profile is changing, so we can identify ways to mitigate that risk.
Streamlining our data validation activities has allowed us to focus on improving the effectiveness of other compliance activities aimed at increasing the accuracy of reported data.
We will continue to evolve the way we administer the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting scheme, to increase the quality of data and facilitate the most effective use of information we collect, both now and into the future.
8. The publication threshold is 50,000 tonnes or more of greenhouse gases (CO2-e).
9. Scope 1 greenhouse gas emissions are the emissions released to the atmosphere as a direct result of an activity, or series of activities at a facility level. Scope 1 emissions are sometimes referred to as direct emissions.
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The Clean Energy Regulator is a Government body responsible for accelerating carbon abatement for Australia.
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