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Appendices

Appendix A: Accredited renewable power stations

Table 4: Growth in the number of accredited power stations 2011–2015.
Further information available at page 43.
Accredited up to
Renewable energy source 201120122013 20142015
Agriculture waste, food waste, waste from agriculture products912141717
Bagasse2828282828
Black liquor22222
Hydro100100101107107
Landfill gas5960626262
Sewage gas and biomass based components of sewage, municipal solid waste1819192122
Solar496071102139
Waste coal mine gas07777
Wind5865757982
Wood waste1315151616
Total number of power stations336368394441482

Appendix B: 2015 exemption details

Table 5: Total amount of 2015 exemption given for each emissions-intensive trade-exposed activity as at 31 December 2015. Further information available at page 56.
ActivitiesExemption
(megawatt hours)
Alumina refining1 285 785
Aluminium smelting23 637 990
Cartonboard manufacturing0
Dry pulp manufacturing0
Integrated iron and steel manufacturing822 723
Integrated production of lead and zinc148 959
Manufacture of carbon steel from cold ferrous feed595 505
Manufacture of newsprint1 115 227
Manufacture of reconstituted wood-based panels368 663
Packaging and industrial paper manufacturing1 020 523
Petroleum refining941 784
Printing and writing paper manufacturing124 938
Production of ammonia155 427
Production of ammonium nitrate104 223
Production of bulk flat glass39 775
Production of carbamide (urea)77 639
Production of carbon black0
Production of ceramic floor and wall tiles16 912
Production of chlorine gas and sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) solution338 318
Production of clinker400 232
Production of coal char0
Production of coke oven coke296
Production of copper789 191
Production of dried distillers grains with solubles9 890
Production of ethene (ethylene)66 688
Production of ferrovanadium0
Production of fused alumina0
Production of fused zirconia20 055
Production of glass beads2 291
Production of glass containers310 618
Production of glass wool110 316
Production of helium31 499
Production of high purity ethanol41 344
Production of hydrogen peroxide16 303
Production of iron ore pellets130 101
Production of lime68 634
Production of liquefied natural gas4 106
Production of magnesia114 723
Production of magnetite concentrate434 338
Production of manganese955 387
Production of methanol36 081
Production of nickel625 122
Production of polyethylene141 332
Production of polymer grade propene (polymer grade propylene)0
Production of rolled aluminium0
Production of silicon579 325
Production of sodium carbonate (soda ash) and sodium bicarbonate0
Production of sodium silicate glass368
Production of synthetic rutile64 047
Production of white titanium dioxide (Tio2) pigment95 301
Rendering of animal by-products50 467
Smelting zinc1 866 486
Tissue paper manufacturing266 009

Note: In accordance with regulation 22E(3), the total amount of exemptions given for each emissions-intensive trade-exposed activity must be published by 1 October in the year to which the exemptions relate.

Appendix C: Liability data

Table 6: Large-scale generation certificate liability, target and certificates surrendered, 2001–2015. Further information available at page 58–59.
YearLarge-scale generation certificate liability (reduced acquisitions)Large-scale generation certificate targetLarge-scale generation certificates surrendered
201519 287 51418 850 00019 175 716
201417 964 69916 950 00017 941 021
201319 002 64519 088 00018 964 665
201216 395 39416 763 00016 515 684
201110 493 65810 400 00010 507 091
201012 424 44512 500 00012 424 111
20097 843 8518 100 0007 828 207
20086 759 6396 800 0006 760 170
20075 756 2385 600 0005 756 646
20064 518 8574 500 0004 519 106
20053 343 1093 400 0003 343 675
2004250965126000002 509 631
20031 716 0921 800 0001 716 167
20021 182 48111000001182443
2001337 300300 000336 928
Table 7: Small-scale technology certificate liability, target and certificates surrendered, 2011–2015. Further information available at page 60–61.
YearSmall-scale technology certificate liability (reduced acquisitions)Small-scale technology certificate targetSmall-scale technology certificates surrendered
201520 329 14520 567 43820 586 873
201419 074 97718 657 33818 753 566
201335 150 43435 700 00035 093 739
201242 932 63844 786 00043 126 272
201127 634 52128 000 00028 192 501

Appendix D: Progress towards the target—trajectory assumptions

Further information available at page 63–65.

Progress towards the target

To track progress toward meeting the 2020 target, we analyse expected future supply and demand of large-scale renewable energy generation using a modelled trajectory. The trajectory sets out a realistic scenario that ensures enough large-scale generation certificates are available to meet expected total demand required through to 2020.

Key inputs, assumptions and outputs of the trajectory are set out below.

Trajectory assumptions

Demand

GreenPower and desalination are assumed to remain steady until 2020. Estimates of megawatt hours associated with the various ACT auctions are assumed to increase between 2016 and 2020. Assumptions about voluntary surrender will be reassessed each year. By incorporating all demand from voluntary surrender sources, the total demand figure in 2020 is approximately 37 million megawatt hours.

Existing supply

Existing supply between 2016 and 2020 incorporates expected above baseline generation, known generation and the build that has been committed in 2015. It includes assumptions about ongoing variability of hydro and other sources of generation. The above baseline supply will be updated each year to incorporate new actual and committed generation.

Additional generation required

By contrasting existing supply against expected total demand we estimate how much additional generation is required each year to meet the annual target. These estimates are based on the assumptions outlined in Table 8.

Table 8: Inputs and assumptions for trajectory
InputAssumption
Wind capacity factor38%
Solar capacity factor25%
Percent of future build that will be wind 75%
Percent of future build that will be solar 25%
Build time for wind18 months
Build time for solar 12 months

Conclusion

The current trajectory predicts that approximately 6 000 megawatts of additional capacity is required meet the 2020 total demand target.

Appendix E: Large-scale renewable energy projects committed in 2015

Table 9: Date, project name, state and capacity of projects committed in 2015. Further information available at page 69.
Date of financingProject nameStateMegawatt capacity
5 MarchInfratech Industries' floating photovoltaic plant SA3.2
28 AprilCoonooer Bridge wind farm VIC20
26 JuneArarat wind farm VIC240
10 JulyLandfill Gas Industries'
biogas-fired generators
QLD6
15 JulyJuwi Degrussa photovoltaic plantWA10.6
19 AugustNeon Hornsdale wind farm phase ISA102
8 SeptemberEpuron Uluru photovoltaic plant NT1.8
9 DecemberBarcaldine Remote
Community Solar Farm
QLD25
2015 total408.6

Appendix F: Summary of significant outcomes in 2015

Small-scale systems

  • 8.9 million megawatt hours of electricity generated or displaced by small-scale renewable energy installations (see page 16)
  • 188 902 new small-scale systems installed in 2015—total now more than 2.4 million (see page 25)
  • 137 468 solar panel system installations (see page 25)
  • 42 525 solar water heater installations (see page 25)
  • 8 898 air source heat pump installations (see page 25)
  • 11 small-scale wind installations (see page 25)
  • 15.9 million small-scale technology certificates validated (see page 29)
  • Small-scale technology percentage set at 11.71%, equivalent to 20.6 million small-scale technology certificates (see page 54)

Large-scale systems

  • 15.2 million megawatt hours of electricity generated by renewable power stations (see page 16)
  • 41 renewable power stations accredited in 2015—representing capacity of 296 megawatts (total now 482) (see page 41)
    • 37 solar (172 megawatt capacity) (see page 48)
    • 3 wind (113 megawatt capacity) (see page 48), and
    • 1 sewage gas and biomass-based components of sewage (10 megawatt capacity) (see page 48)
  • 12 different ecologically sustainable energy sources used to generate renewable power (see page 42)
  • 16.5 million validated large-scale generation certificates (see page 48)
  • Renewable power percentage set at 11.11%, equivalent to 18.9 million large-scale generation certificates (see page 54)

Liability under the Renewable Energy Target

  • 211 386 151 million megawatt hours of relevant electricity acquisition reported (see page 56)
  • 120 liable entities (see page 56)
  • 99.7% overall compliance rate (see page 53)
  • 20 586 873 small-scale technology certificates surrendered—99.9% compliance rate (see page 60)
  • 19 175 716 large-scale generation certificates surrendered—99.4% compliance rate (see page 58)
  • 1 liable entity required to pay shortfall penalty charge (see page 60)
  • 3 liable entities with a shortfall within 10% (see page 58)
  • 7 liable entities with a shortfall greater than 10% (see page 58)
  • 162 exemption certificates issued, covering 46 emissions-intensive trade-exposed activities (see page 55)

Market operation

  • 159 more registered persons can create certificates (total now 7 585) (see page 24)
  • 72 more registered agents can create certificates (total now 1 575) (see page 24)
  • 32.3 million renewable energy certificates were validated (see page 19)
  • 123.4 million renewable energy certificates were transferred (see page 19)
  • 1.3 million renewable energy certificates were voluntarily surrendered (see page 19)
  • 6 219 809 small-scale technology certificates traded through the clearing house valued at $248.8 million (see page 32)

Compliance and safety

  • 2 080 inspections of small-scale installations (see page 34)
    • 127 of systems were found to be unsafe or substandard (see page 34)
    • 409 were found to be substandard (see page 34)
  • 42 investigations into possible breaches commenced (see page 37)
  • 133 matters closed, including 41 investigations (see page 37)

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