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Our schemes


The Clean Energy Regulator

The Clean Energy Regulator administers the carbon pricing mechanism, National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting, the Renewable Energy Target, the Carbon Farming Initiative and the Australian National Registry of Emissions Units. Our role is to make sure these schemes operate effectively and that clients understand their obligations under the law. The establishment of the Clean Energy Regulator was part of the Australian Government's Clean Energy Future plan. The long term plan aims to reshape Australia's economy, cut carbon pollution, drive innovation and support industries and households that are impacted by the changes.


National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting

National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (NGER)

In 2007 Australia introduced a single, national framework for corporations to report on greenhouse gas emissions, energy use and energy production. Corporations that meet a National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (NGER) threshold must register and then report each year. Information collected through the NGER scheme provides the basis for assessing liability under the carbon pricing mechanism.

The data reported under the Scheme is a key input to Australia's National Greenhouse Gas Inventory, projections and reporting under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and Kyoto Convention, and Australia's reporting to the International Energy Agency. Domestically, it is a critical input to policy development relating to greenhouse emissions and energy production and consumption in the Commonwealth and increasingly in Australian states and territories.


Carbon pricing mechanism

Carbon pricing mechanism

The carbon pricing mechanism puts a price on pollution and creates an incentive for businesses to cut emissions by investing in clean technology and finding more efficient ways of operating. The carbon price applies to the Australia's biggest polluters who need to report on and pay for their carbon pollution.

The carbon price applies to facilities that produce more than 25,000 tonnes of carbon emissions per year. The price is fixed each year for the first three years, starting at $23 a tonne in 2012–13. Then from 2015–16 the price will be set by the market. Assistance is being offered to those corporations who may be affected by the carbon price such as those in emissionsintensive trade-exposed industries.


Australian National Registry of Emissions Units

Australian National Registry of Emissions Units

The Australian National Registry of Emissions Units (ANREU) is a secure electronic system designed to accurately track the location and ownership of:

  • emission units issued under the Kyoto Protocol
  • ACCUs issued under the Carbon Farming Initiative, and
  • carbon units issued under the carbon pricing mechanism.

Carbon Farming Initiative

Carbon Farming Initiative

The Carbon Farming Initiative (CFI) allows land managers to earn Australian carbon credit units (ACCUs) by storing carbon or reducing greenhouse gas emission on the land. Activities that count towards our national target under the Kyoto Protocol including reforestation, avoided deforestation, and reducing emissions from livestock, manure, fertiliser and waste deposited in landfills before 1 July 2012 can earn Kyoto ACCUs.

The CFI allows land managers to earn carbon credits by storing carbon or reducing greenhouse gas emissions. These credits can be sold to people and business wishing to offset their emissions. There is a step by step process for participating in the CFI available on the Clean Energy Regulator website.


Renewable Energy Target (RET)

Renewable Energy Target (RET)

The Renewable Energy Target (RET) creates a financial incentive for investment in renewable energy sources through the creation and sale of certificates. Electricity retailers are required to offset a proportion of their demand by buying and surrendering certificates.

The RET is split into two parts—the Large-scale Renewable Energy Target (LRET) and the Small-scale Renewable Energy Scheme (SRES). The RET has an internet-based registry system called the REC Registry that facilitates the creation, registration, auditing, transfer and surrender of largescale generation certificates and small-scale technology certificates.

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