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National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Scheme

Deliverable

Administration of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Scheme, a national reporting framework, for the reporting and dissemination of information related to greenhouse gas emissions, energy consumption and energy production, to:

  • inform government policy formulation and the Australian public
  • meet Australia's international reporting obligations
  • assist Commonwealth, state and territory government programmes and activities
  • underpin the carbon pricing mechanism.

Snapshot

The National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Scheme is a single, national framework for corporations that meet thresholds for reporting on greenhouse gas emissions, energy use and energy production (at the facility or corporate group levels).

Information reported under the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Scheme informs government and the general public about emissions and energy flows across Australia. It also provides the basis for assessing liability under the carbon pricing mechanism.

The Clean Energy Regulator's effective administration of the scheme includes expanding the amount of reported data made publically available, improving how data are disseminated, and enhancing the new online reporting system.

Publications

The Clean Energy Regulator published an extract of the National Greenhouse and Energy Register for 2012–13 on 28 February 2014. All controlling corporations and reporting transfer certificate holders registered during 2012–13 were included in the extract.

The National Greenhouse and Energy Register for 2012–13 includes the names of all entities that were registered under the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Scheme as a result of applications for registration as a liable entity. In total, 1,127 entities (including controlling corporations, liable entities and reporting transfer certificate holders) were listed on the National Greenhouse and Energy Register as being required to report in 2012–13.

The Clean Energy Regulator also published the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Scheme data for 2012–13 on 28 February 2014. The published data included the total scope 1 and scope 2 greenhouse gas emissions and net energy consumption data for 409 corporations that met the publication threshold (of 50 kilotonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent greenhouse gas emissions). It also included information on liabilities under the carbon pricing mechanism.

Facility-level data for all facilities with a principal activity of electricity generation were made publicly available for the first time in 2013–14. This information will help to inform the community about the performance of electricity generators.

In addition, in 2013–14, the Clean Energy Regulator was required to publish data on 'net' energy consumption. In previous years, the Clean Energy Regulator was required to publish data on 'total' energy consumption, and chose to publish a net total where clients voluntarily provided that information. The legislative requirement was amended in response to feedback from those listed on the National Greenhouse and Energy Register.

Reporting system

Under the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Scheme, clients were able to prepare and submit their final reports for 2012–13 through the Clean Energy Regulator's Emissions and Energy Reporting System.

The Emissions and Energy Reporting System seeks to minimise the compliance burden for reporting organisations by improving and streamlining the user experience. It also provides a flexible framework for the implementation of annual changes to National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting measurement rules.

The system, which was launched in April 2013, was enhanced during 2013–14 to align with new legislative requirements and take into account feedback received from clients.

Audits

The National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Audit Framework underpins the integrity of data reported to the Clean Energy Regulator under the various schemes that it administers, including the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Scheme.

During 2013–14, 557 audits were completed under this framework. This included 51 audits initiated by the agency as part of the annual National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting audit programme. The audits gave confidence in submitted data and helped the Clean Energy Regulator to prioritise report assessment, intelligence and educational activities.

The Clean Energy Regulator registers greenhouse and energy auditors and monitors their performance. At 30 June 2014, there were 178 registered auditors, 108 of whom had been assessed as part of routine registration reviews over the previous 12 months.

As a result of self-nomination, or as a consequence of not meeting ongoing requirements, 38 auditors were deregistered during 2013–14.

The agency's annual Audit and Assurance workshops are an important forum for the agency to engage with National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting auditors and have provided constructive, two-way information sharing and networking. Hearing directly from the auditors highlighted the complexity and significance of the greenhouse, energy and scheme audits that the agency oversees.

– Anne T Brown

Information sharing

The Clean Energy Regulator shared information reported under the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Scheme and improved information-sharing processes to assist Commonwealth, state and territory government programmes and activities.

On 20 June 2014, the Clean Energy Regulator executed a memorandum of understanding with the Western Australian Government to enable the sharing of National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting data. This meant that all Australian jurisdictions have now signed such a memorandum of understanding and are able to use the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting data relevant to their jurisdiction.

The Clean Energy Regulator facilitated high levels of engagement with Commonwealth agencies and was successful in strengthening data-sharing arrangements through the Clean Energy Regulator Commonwealth Information Sharing Network. The strengthened network and the Clean Energy Regulator's Strategic Information Framework support Commonwealth agencies' efforts to reduce regulatory burdens by sharing data more effectively and efficiently.

In March 2014, the Clean Energy Regulator hosted the inaugural meeting of the Information Sharing Network for states and territories. The network was established to improve information sharing between the Clean Energy Regulator and state and territory data users, and to identify opportunities to streamline reporting. Feedback from attendees was positive and showed high levels of interest in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting data.

Feature article - NGER data

Feature National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting data sharing

The Clean Energy Regulator's Strategic Information Framework streamlines the management of National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (NGER) data.

The agency established the framework in 2013–14 to enhance the value of NGER data assets to government and other stakeholders. The framework ensures that information retains its integrity as it moves through the collection, management, use and delivery phases.

The framework is complemented by an enhanced business intelligence reporting capability that provides users with easy, fast access to NGER data for reporting and monitoring purposes. An externally accessible business intelligence hub was launched in December 2013 and has received very positive feedback from key users of NGER data.

The use of NGER data by key stakeholders is increasing. The Australian Energy Market Operator now uses the data for planning and to publish daily information on the carbon dioxide equivalent intensity index.

The index measures the emissions intensity of generation in the National Electricity Market, and is used by market participants, large industrial customers and financial intermediaries. It was previously calculated using estimates provided by consultants.

The use of NGER data has enabled the Australian Energy Market Operator to improve the transparency of, and confidence in, its processes.

The success of the Strategic Information Framework demonstrates the Clean Energy Regulator's progress towards reducing regulatory burdens by sharing data more effectively and efficiently across government bodies.

The Clean Energy Regulator is a member of the Commonwealth Information Sharing Network, and hosted the inaugural meeting of the Information Sharing Network for states and territories in March 2014.

State and territory participants recognise the value of the NGER dataset and are exploring opportunities to streamline their data reporting. Since the meeting, Western Australia has signed a memorandum of understanding to enable the sharing of NGER data, increasing the potential for deregulation and streamlining in the collection and use of emissions and energy data.

The potential to derive value from NGER data continues to grow, with the imperative to increase openness in data sharing for the benefit of government and the general public. The Clean Energy Regulator is exploring opportunities to expand the use of data assets into new markets.

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